Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev was born on the 10- th
of may 1923 in the city of Nakhchivan. After
graduating from the Nakhchivan Pedagogical
technical school in 1939
he studied at the faculty of architecture of
Azerbaijan Industrial Institute (now Azerbaijan
state oil Academy).
Since 1941 Heydar Aliyev worked in the People
Commissariat for internal affairs of Naxhchivan
Autonomous Sovite Socialist Republic (Naxhchivan
ASSR) and asa department head in People Commissars′
Soviet of Nakhchivan ASSR. In may 1944 he was sent
to work in State Security Commitee by Nakhchivan
Regional Party Commitee. In those years he has got
special high education in Leningrad (now Sankt-
Petersbaurg), in 1957 he graduated from the history
faculty of Azerbaijan state University. Since 1964
he worked as Deputy chief of the state Security
Commitee by Soviet of ministers of Azerbaijan SSR
and since 1967
he was a chief of this Commitee and was promoted to
the rank of major general.
At the Plenum of the Central Commitee (CC)
of Azerbaijan Communist Party (CP) on 14-th of July
1969 H. Aliyev was elected the First secretary of CC
of Azerbaijan CP and was the leader of republic.
Electing the candidate to membership of the
Political Bureau in November 1982, H. Aliyev was
promoted to the First Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet
of ministers of the USSR and was one of the leaders
of the Soviet Union.
Promoting to the high leadership of huge
state as the USSR H. Aliyev demonstrated an
unexampled talant of state management and ability.
On the 21- st of October 1987 H. Aliyev
resigned from his posts minding to the wrong
policy of the CC of the CP of the Soviet Union and
personally of the secretary general Mikhail
Gorbachov and his antiazerbaijan policy.
Connected with bloody tragedy
procreated by Soviet troops in Baku on the 20-th of
January 1990 H. Aliyev had a speech with the
declaration in Azerbaijani representation in Moscow
next day and made depends to punish the organizers
and executors who had created the crime against
Connected with sharp disputed position created in
Mountainous Garabagh and protesting to hypocritical
policy of the USSR leadership he left the rows of
the Communist Party of the Soviet Union on the
19-th of July 1991.
For saving his native people from national-
political disaster whirl H. Aliyev returned to
Azerbaijan in July 1990. Coming first to Baku, then
to Nakhchivan in the same year he was elected a
deputy to the supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan and to
the supreme Soviet of Nakhchivan ASSR.
Years 1991- 1993 when H. Aliyev worked as the
speaker of the Supreme Soviet of Nakhchivan
ASSR is the difficult and at the same time
significant period of social, economical and
cultural development of Autonomous Republic. In
this period H. Aliyev firstly sowed Nakhchivan
AR from the armed aggression of Armenia and from
the invading danger.
According to his initiative the Supreme Soviet of
Nakhchivan ASSR decided to take out the words ″
soviet, socialist″ from the name of autonomous
republic, to adopt a tricolors flag of Azerbaijan
people�s Republic as the state flag of Nakhchivan
autonomous Republic. Economical ties were created
with neighbor countries Turkey and Iran, the
bridges ″Umid″ (″Hope″) and ″Shahtakhty- Poldesht″
were built. On November 21 on the conference of the
new Azerbaijan party (NAP) in Nakhchivan H. Aliyev
was elected the chairman of this party.
In may - June 1993 when the danger of the citizen war
and the losing of the independence were created in
Azerbaijan connecting with last degreed
intensification of power crises Azerbaijan people
stood up with the demand of H. Aliyev ′s coming
to the power.
On the 15-th of June 1993 H. Aliyev was elected the
speaker of the Supreme Soviet of the Azerbaijan
Republic. That day entered to the history of
Azerbaijan people as a Salvation Day. And on June 24
H. Aliyev began to execute the powers of the
President of Azerbaijan Republic in result of the
decision of the national assembly (Milli Majlis). On
the 3-rd of October 1993 H. Aliyev was elected the
President of the Azerbaijan Republic in result of
On October 11 1998 he was elected the
President of the Azerbaijan Republic for the
second time in elections held in conditions
of high activity of Azerbaijan people.
H. Aliyev has died on the 12-th of December 2003 in the
City of Cleveland in the United States of America and
was buried in the Honorary alley in Baku. His grave has
turned to the holy place for pilgrimage of value
H. Aliyev was honored with a number of international
prizes, the title of honorary doctor of the Universities
of different countries and another high honorary titles.
He was awarded with Lenin order (4 times), the order of
Red star and many medals, was honored with the title of
″Hero of Socialist Labour″ (in 1979 and 1983), was
awarded with the orders and medals of a number of
foreign states. In honor of the architector and founder
of independent state of Azerbaijan an April 22 the order
of ″Heydar Aliyev″ was instituted.
The historical destiny of Azerbaijan in last 30 years
is fast connected with H. Aliyev name and his
statehood activity. During these years public-
political, economical and cultural development took
place in our country, az-n stood a heavy and hard test,
it lived and has joined a progress, has turned to a
leader state in the region. H. Aliyev is declared as
national wide leader by az-n people.